Physiology

Introduction

The Department of Physiology being one of the three basic pioneer departments of the Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital had been given the responsibility to impart medical education to the first batch of medical students immediately after the inception of the college in 2005-06. The department has come a long way since then, under the guidance of senior experienced faculty members having good teaching and research background. A number of faculty members served the department from time to time and played pivotal role in improving the department and taking it to new heights.

Academic Activities

The academic programme at the department of Physiology is tuned to encourage maximum participation by medical students. Besides conventional teaching, emphasis is laid on active learning and problem based learning approach.

The department imparts education and training to 150 students of 1st Professional M.B.,B.S., in the subject of Physiology in the form of lectures, practicals, seminars and tutorials.

Each student gets 480 hrs of exposure of teaching in the form of didactic lecture class – 160 hrs. small group interactive tutorial classes – 140 hrs, practical and demonstration class – 160 hrs, seminar class – 20 hrs.

Stress is given in small interactive group teaching class as it is more beneficial to the students because individual care is possible in such classes.

Facilities for doing mammalian experiments are available in the department but experiments are restricted to the M.B.,B.S., course due to imposition of animal cruelty act by the Government of India.

During the posting at Haematology laboratory, the students perform various hematology experiments as per syllabus and are also given practical demonstrations of ESR, PCV, Osmotic Fragility of red blood cells, Platelet and Reticulocyte counts.

The department has initiated a number of innovative teaching programs like-Vertical Orientation Program, Quiz Competitions, Clinical Problem based learning, Learning through Video Presentations, CD ROMs, Undergraduate projects, Computer based experiments etc.,

Undergraduate Projects

The students are also encouraged to procure latest information on recent advances in various topics allotted to them in the subject of Physiology through Internet search and prepare undergraduate research projects.

Vertical Orientation Programme

Keeping in mind, the Medical Council of India’s recommendations for interaction of basic departments with clinical departments during phase-I of medical education, vertical orientation programme was introduced, starting with the 2005-06 batch students. Students visit the department of Transfusion Medicine for learning safe blood transfusion procedures and live demonstration, department of Pulmonary Medicine for getting introduced to the latest techniques and sophisticated equipments available for assessment of pulmonary function and the department of Medicine for getting acquainted with echocardiography and stress ECG., EMG., EEG., Nerve Stimulators etc.,

Practical Manuals

Practical manual cum record book has been prepared in the department and is distributed amongst the students.

Trust Areas of Research at the department

  1. Medical Education
  2. Dermatoglyphics
  3. Nervous mechanism in the regulation of immune system.

Facilities

  • Demonstration room with OHP & LCD facility
  • Hematology Laboratory
  • Amphibian Laboratory
  • Clinical Laboratory
  • Mammalian Laboratory- kymograph, and Langendorffs heart perfusion assembly.
  • Research Laboratory
    • Instruments: Polygraph – 4 channel
    • Physiographs - 2 channel
    • Lung function test equipments: SpiroLab III
    • Digital Physiograph (Heart Rate variability)

Library books

The department is well equipped with total 109 books written by Indian and international authors.

Academic Activities

MBBS Course

MBBS teaching programme at the department is in conformation to MCI norms and Pondicherry University MBBS curriculum. The academic programme at the department of Physiology is tuned to encourage maximum participation by medical students. Besides conventional teaching, emphasis is laid on active learning and problem based learning approach.

The department imparts education and training to 150 students of 1st Professional MBBS in the subject of Physiology in the form of lectures, practicals, seminars and tutorials. Each student gets 480 hrs of exposure of teaching in the form of didactic lecture class 160hrs, small group interactive tutorial classes140hrs, practical and demonstration class160 hrs, seminar class 20 hrs. Stress is given in small interactive group teaching class as it is more beneficial to the students because individual care is possible in such classes.

During the course of MBBS students are well trained in haematology, Human and clinical examination being first demonstrated by skilled faculty and then given adequate repeated hands on experience. Facilities for doing mammalian experiments are available in the department but experiments are restricted to the MBBS course due to imposition of animal cruelty act by the Government of India.

The department has initiated a number of innovative teaching programs like-Vertical Orientation Program, Quiz Competitions, Clinical Problem based learning, Learning through Video Presentations, CD roms, Undergraduate projects, Computer based experiments etc.,

PG Course

The Department is privileged to be given permission for post – graduate training in MD (Physiology) since 2011 for 3 candidates. PG teaching programmes are executed as per MCI norms and Pondicherry University PG curriculum.

The skilled faculty play a pivotal role in training the PG’s in becoming not only dynamic and inspiring teachers creating enterprising doctors of the future but also are trained in Research skills. Thus the faculty play an important role in enabling the PG’s in analysing lucid skills of teaching the paradigms of medical physiology.

B.Sc. Nursing and Post Basic Nursing

The nursing care of patient forms most important part of hospital. The nursing courses have been recognized by Indian nursing council, New Delhi from the year 2007. The B.Sc. nursing course has an intake of 100 students with Physiology theory classes of 60hrs. Post basic Nursing course has intake of 30 students with 45hrs of theory teaching programme as per the curriculum of Indian nursing council.

Myocardial Infarction

Myocardial_Infarction_Big

The Department of Physiology has organized a Guest Lecture cum Intra - College Quiz competition for UG students, on 21st May 2016.

Myocardial_Infarction_Big

The Guest lecture was given by Dr. Ajith Ananthakrishna Pillai, Associate Professor from the department of Cardiology, JIPMER, on “Myocardial Infarction’’. The lecture was well received by the audience and the faculties and students were actively participated in “open discussion” that followed the guest lecture.

Myocardial_Infarction_Big

Lub Dup Cardio Quiz 2016” was the Intra college Quiz competition for UG students.  Eleven teams, comprising students of different semesters, have participated in the preliminary round and 4 teams were selected for the final quiz.

Myocardial_Infarction_Big

Dr. Vishnu prasath. N (intern), Mr. Sundarajan.G (Final year) and Mr.Rajarajan. V. S. (III year) of Team B bagged first place. Ms. Akshaya.S (Final Year), Ms. Praneetha.V (Final year) and Ms.Sivalakshmi. R of team C bagged second place. Prizes were given to these team members, certificate of Participation were given to all students who had participated in quiz. Dr.A.K.Badrinath, Professor of Internal medicine, SMVMCH was the judge for the event.

Research is the back bone of physiology a subject which prides in having won the maximum number of Nobel prizes in medicine worldwide. The department faculty and PG’s have started a number of projects and have publication to their credit.

Research Publications

  • B.S.Chandra Kala,D.Nagaraj and M .VeerendraKumar.LATENCY of VEP P 100 waveform in relation to age and checksize.Biomedicine 2012; 32(1):33- 38.Date of acceptance – 10 -10 -2012
  • B.S.ChandraKala ,ShivakumarVeeraiah , D. Nagaraj.STUDY OF AMPLITUDE OF VEP P100 WAVEFORM IN RELATION TO AGE & CHECKSIZE.Biomedicine 2012; 32(4):516- 520.Date of acceptance -24 -07 -2012
  • B.S.ChandraKala ,ShivakumarVeeraiah,D.Nagaraj .STUDY OF LATENCY AND AMPLITUDES OF P100 WAVEFORM IN RELATION TO GENDER (Accepted for publication 24 -07 - 2012 journal of biomedicine e- mail)
  • G.V. Hariprasad , B.S. Chandrakala . Relationship of sleep duration and QT Interval in Obese and normal weight Medical students. Reference No ID : 2012 – 02425
  • M. Anilkumar, Ch. Rohini. Branched chain amino acid profile in chronic kidney disease patients in Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical sciences (JPBMS) 2012; Date of acceptance -29 -12 -2012

Ongoing Project:

  • Effect of smoking on Neurocognition – (Dr. K. Soundariya)
  • Prevalence of Taste blindness in smokers –(Ms. Deepika)
  • ICMR Project – A comparative study on QT interval duration between prehypertensive and Normotensives – (Dr. K. Soundariya)
  • ICMR project – Urinary pH and insulin resistance in off springs of diabetic parents(Ms. Senthamil Selvi)

PG Thesis Topic

  • Dr. Premaraja, Comparison of cardiovascular reactivity in offspring of hypertensive and normotensive parents.
  • Dr. Bethiun, Study of Auditory Functions in Type 2 Diabetes mellitus.
  • Dr. Hussamuddin, Effect of sleep deprivation on control auditory processing
  • Dr. Hemavathy, Association of high sensitive – C-Reactive Protein in comparison with obese & Normal individuals
  • Dr. Divya, Study of hematological parameters and Anthropometric Indications in hypertensive and Normotensive males.